The coastal region has two seasons - summer (December to March) and winter (May to October). Summer temperatures can hit 27 degrees, while winter temperatures are in the low teens.The highlands (Andes) also have a two-season climate. The dry season runs from May to October and the rainy season runs from December to March. Temperatures range between 20 degrees down to 2 degrees.In the jungle, there is a tropical and humid climate. The summer (or dry season) lasts from April to October. Temperatures can exceed 30 degrees. The rainy season is November to March.
When to fly to Peru
The best time to take cheap flights to Peru really depends on where you intend to go. The coast, including Lima, is best seen during the summer months (December to March). For Cuzco, the Sacred Valley, the Inca Trail and Machu Picchu, visit between May and September. This is the dry season. For jungle treks, visit between May and September. May to October is the best time to visit the Andes.
The Inti Raymi festival takes place in June; it's Peru's second-largest festival.
This too depends on what you are planning to do once you land in Peru. November to May is the rainy season. There may be flooding and landslides during these months, which will disrupt transport services.
Peru insider information
- The must-see buildings are in the old Centre of Town - the Archbishop Palace, Museum of Italian Art, the Houses of Aliaga, Oidor and Pilatos and the Monasterio de San Francisco, the Franciscan monastery that is famous for its catacombs and the flocks of pigeons that swoop and wheel around it.
- At 771 metres high, Gocta Falls is the third-highest waterfall (after Angel Falls, Venezuela, and Tugela Falls, South Africa) in the world, although some dispute this. The falls are in the upper Amazon basin and were "found" only in the past few years. Legend has it that local people kept the falls secret because they feared the wrath of the beautiful mermaid who lived there.
- The Inca Trail and Machu Picchu are much better known than Choquequirao, near Cusco. It is where the Inca royalty fled following the Spanish Conquest. It is one of South America’s best-preserved Inca cities and is still being excavated.
- The city of Puno is on the edge of Lake Titicaca. Inca legend has it that Manco Capac, the first Inca, rose from the lake to establish the Inca Empire. Puno, at 3,827 metres, is known as the “folkloric capital of Peru” because of its artistic and cultural traditions. It has more than 300 ethnic dances. The most famous dance is the Diablada, which is performed during the feast of the Virgin of Candelaria in February. During this time, the women dance to petition and thank the Virgin Mary. According to 17th-century legend, the Virgin Mary appeared to workers at a local silver mine and later rescued the city from enemies. Watch out for the women’s costumes: bowler hats, colourful shawls and heavy skirts.
- The Nazca Lines are considered to be one of the world's great mysteries. The geoglyphs, depicting people, animals and simple lines, are up to 200 metres long. To appreciate them fully take an aerial tour. The Lines were placed on UNESCO's list of world heritage sites in 1994.